A solar panel (also known as a solar module, solar cell, pv panel, photovoltaic panel) is a packaged, or collective term used for an assembly of solar panels as known in the industry as Photovoltaic cells converts radiation from the sun and turns it into energy we can use in our homes. With the aid of an inverter the current can be converted to a regular AC current. A solar panel can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential properties.
Solar panels use light energy, called Photons from the sun to generate electricity through the photovoltaic effect. Most solar panels have a thin layer of wafer based crystalline silicon cells or thin film cells based on cadmium telluride or silicon. The conducting wires that take the current off the panels normally contain silver, copper, or other non magnetic conductive transition metals.
Because of the limitations of one panel in terms of the power it can create, most installations will contain more than one solar panel. Normally a solar panel array will contain several solar panels, an inverter, and sometimes a battery.